cardiac arrest vs heart attack
  • August 19, 2023

Cardiac Arrest Vs Heart Attack Facts!

In the realm of cardiovascular health and terms like cardiac arrest Vs heart attack are often used interchangeably, contributing to confusion about their actual meanings. But it’s crucial to recognize that these are distinct medical events with different causes, symptoms, and consequences.

1. Incidence of Cardiac Arrest:

A 45-year-old man with no known heart issues, is jogging in the park and Suddenly, he collapses without any warning signs. Onlookers rush to his aid, finding him unresponsive and not breathing. This is a classic example of cardiac arrest.

It strikes abruptly and often without prior symptoms. It results from an electrical malfunction in the heart, also, leading to irregular heartbeats (ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia) and this scenario, the heart’s pumping function suddenly ceases and causing an immediate loss of consciousness.

2. Heart Attack Incidence:

A woman 55-year-old, experiences prolonged chest discomfort, radiating pain down her left arm, and shortness of breath after a stressful day at work. But these symptoms persist for several minutes. She seeks medical attention, and tests reveal a blocked coronary artery.

An attack occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle is obstructed and also by a blood clot. This blockage leads to damage or death of the affected heart tissue. Unlike cardiac arrest, a heart attack’s onset is generally more gradual, with warning signs such as chest pain and discomfort.

The distinct characteristics of cardiac arrest and heart attack incidents is crucial for recognizing symptoms, seeking timely medical assistance, and implementing appropriate interventions. also, Both situations require swift action, but the nature of the response differs based on the specific circumstances.

Difference between Cardiac Arrest Vs Heart attack

I. The Sudden Stoppage (Cardiac arrest)

It is a life-threatening emergency where the heart unexpectedly stops beating. This abrupt cessation hinders the heart’s ability to pump blood to vital organs and leading to an immediate loss of consciousness and cessation of normal breathing.


      Sudden loss of responsiveness

      Absence of normal breathing

      No pulse


      Immediate intervention is imperative:

      Perform CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)

      Use an automated external defibrillator (AED)

      Seek emergency medical assistance promptly

II. The Circulatory Crisis: Heart Attack

Myocardial infarction (heart attack) occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle becomes blocked, and  typically due to a blood clot. Also, this blockage deprives the heart tissue of oxygen, leading to damage or death of that part of the heart muscle.


      Chest pain or discomfort (angina)

      Shortness of breath

      Nausea or vomiting


      Pain or discomfort radiating to the arms, jaw,
back, or neck



      Prompt medical attention is vital:

      Emergency medications (aspirin, nitroglycerin)

      Clot-busting drugs

Differentiating Factors of Cardiac arrest Vs Heart attack


Cardiac Arrest

Heart Attack

Nature of Event

It is a sudden loss of heart function.

It involves a blockage in blood flow to the heart.


individual loses consciousness immediately.

is retained.


It may leads to a cessation of normal breathing.

Breathing may
persist during a heart attack.

Medical Intervention


This may requires immediate CPR and defibrillation.

It has
treatment involves medications, interventions, or surgery.

Patients frequently confuse heart attacks and cardiac arrest, thinking they are two different medical diseases. But Recent advancements in medical science have paved the way for effective treatments for both heart attacks and cardiac arrests, many of which don’t involve surgery.

At Shanikrupa Heartcare Centre in Pune, we also specialize in providing the most viable no-surgical treatments for heart diseases, utilizing the latest and safest modern techniques. Our approach is grounded in delivering scientifically-validated therapeutics, ensuring not only treatment but also fostering healthy and long-term wellbeing.

What Care Should Be Taken During Cardiac Arrest Vs Heart Attack?

During a cardiac arrest or heart attack, prompt and appropriate care is crucial to improve the chances of survival and minimize damage. 

路     Dial emergency services immediately (911 or your local emergency number).

路    Begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Push hard and fast on the center of the chest to the beat
of the classic disco song “Stayin’ Alive” until professional help arrives.

路    If available, use an AED to deliver an electric shock to the heart. Follow the
device’s instructions.

路    Chew one adult aspirin (unless advised otherwise by a healthcare professional) to help thin the blood and improve blood flow to the heart.

路    Sit down and rest while waiting for emergency services. Avoid exertion to reduce the heart’s workload.

路    Take Nitroglycerin, take nitroglycerin as directed to relieve chest pai

General Tips:

路聽 聽聽Know the Symptoms: Recognize the signs of cardiac arrest (sudden loss of responsiveness, no normal breathing) and heart attack (chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea).

路聽 聽聽Learn CPR: Knowing CPR can be a life-saving skill, especially during a cardiac arrest.

路聽 聽聽Stay Informed: Understand the risk factors and symptoms associated with heart problems to take preventive measures.

路聽 聽聽Remember, seeking immediate medical attention is crucial in both situations. Always follow the guidance of healthcare

We take pride in being the exclusive clinic in Pune specializing in cutting-edge scientific techniques such as Chelation Therapy, EECP treatment, Ozone Therapy, and Ayurveda聽at Shanikrupa Heartcare Centre.

Our focus lies in delivering effective non-surgical treatments for heart-related issues.聽 Our customized programs encompass lifestyle adjustments, dietary management, and the incorporation of nutritional supplements, ensuring the long-term health and well-being of our patients.

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