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coronary heart disease (CHD)
  • December 18, 2023

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

coronary heart disease (CHD)

The accumulation of a substance called plaque inside the coronary arteries is the hallmark of the condition known as coronary heart disease (CHD), also known as coronary artery disease (CAD) or cardiovascular disease.

Plaque accumulation narrows the arteries more, obstructing blood flow. Moreover, plaque buildup encourages the growth of blood clots, which ultimately cause a heart attack or stroke. The process of plaque accumulation in coronary arteries is called atherosclerosis, which is a very sluggish process that takes years to develop and causes CHD/CAD.

Symptoms of Heart Attack

  • Angina,
  • Choking sensation,
  • Sweating,
  • nausea,
  • an irregular heartbeat,
  • heartburn,
  • silent attack

Angina Pain

 Angina is a condition when one or more heart muscles experience pain or discomfort in the vicinity of the chest in the form of pressure or you may also have pain in your shoulders, arm, neck, jaw, or back. Furthermore, one can misinterpret it as heartburn or stomach ache.


Types of Angina

Stable Angina:

Stable angina is predictable because it follows a set pattern that can be seen by keeping note of the activities you engage in and the times when you experience chest discomfort.

This means that you can manage stable angina by avoiding the activities that cause the pain.

If you rest or take your angina medication, the discomfort typically disappears within a few minutes. Although stable angina is not a heart attack, it does indicate a higher likelihood that one will occur in the future.

Unstable angina:

It can be more severe and more frequent without following to regular patterns. Even if you are not exercising, unstable angina might still strike, and neither rest nor medication will always help.

Unstable angina is extremely serious and needs immediate medical attention. This sort of angina is a warning sign that a heart attack could occur anytime, including right away after the angina pain.


Causes of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

Smoking:

The biggest risk factor for CAD/MI is smoking. Smoking develops into addiction, which contributes to early Heart Attack.  Smoking makes blood vessels less flexible and flexible, which makes them more prone to rupture and less capable of enduring stress than normal or healthy blood vessels. This blood artery stiffness causes blood clotting, which results in Heart Attack.

High Cholesterol Level:

High cholesterol High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), often known as good cholesterol, and Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), also known as bad cholesterol, are the two types of cholesterol. While excess LDL or bad cholesterol deposits enter the inner lining of the coronary arteries and grow over time into large deposits that block blood flow and narrow the arteries, causing heart attacks, good cholesterol keeps blood vessels flexible and helps the body in removing LDL or bad cholesterol.

Diabetes:

If diabetes is neglected or improperly managed, it might result in Myocardial Infraction. Nowadays, diabetes is a major contributor to the development of MI in children and adolescents under the age of 35.

Hypertension

Hypertension Youngsters who have sedentary lifestyles, have poor dietary habits, and experience high levels of stress are considerably more susceptible to developing hypertension. Foods heavy in trans-fat, cholesterol, and salt increase blood pressure risk, and those with high blood pressure are more likely to develop CAD. High blood pressure raises the pressure on arterial walls, and this increased pressure over time can harm the arteries. Fat deposits are most likely to cause these damaged arteries to constrict and stiffen.

Obesity

Obesity is a significant cause of Myocardial Infraction or CAD. Inactivity and the consumption of high-fat foods contribute to Indians being obese, which causes a number of health issues like high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. CAD/MI is caused by all of the diseases mentioned.

Stress

Those who work in BPOs or in IT who put in long hours often experience stress. Stress levels are also increased by poor sleeping patterns. Many studies have shown that long-term stress from either a personal or professional life can cause MI.

Physical inactivity:

Physical inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle raise the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), as inactivity causes obesity and fat deposition. Exercise maintains the health of the cardiac muscles and lowers LDL levels.


INVESTIGATIONS FOR CHD / CAD

Electrocardiogram:

Electrocardiogram (ECG)   A medical test known as an electrocardiogram (ECG) uses electrical activity produced by the beating heart to identify cardiac (heart) problems. Heart arrhythmias, heart hypertrophy, heart inflammation, and coronary heart disease are just a few of the problems that an ECG can help diagnose.

Lipid Profile:

A blood test called a lipid profile measures the fats and lipids in your blood. The lipids that are typically measured are triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol. A higher risk of heart attack and stroke occurs when these lipid levels are abnormal.

Thallium Scan:

A thallium scan, also known as a nuclear medicine scan or thallium myocardial imaging, employs a radioactive tracer to measure the blood flow to various areas of the heart. This scan helps the doctor learn more about your heart’s cells and blood supply while also determining the amount and location of affected muscle following a heart attack.

Cardiovascular Cartography (CCG):

 Cardiovascular Cartography (CCG), formerly known as Realistic Geometric Cartographic Imaging (RGCI)without inserting any cables, catheters, or other medical devices into the body, uses digitally collected flow turbulence to assess the heart’s blood flow, oxygen supply, and other factors.

Procedure:

The characteristics of the heart are measured by specialise high precision data collecting electrodes, sensors, and transducers, and are then analyses by sophisticated computerise equipment. The process takes around 20 minutes.

Everyone over 30 receives a screening test for the early diagnosis of heart disease.

Who can do Cartography:

  • High-risk individuals include those who smoke,
  • Family history of heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and/or high cholesterol.
  • Stressful and inactive lifestyle, etc.
  • Someone experiencing chest pain should determine whether it stems from a cardiac condition or another illness.
  • Identifying the severity of the disease in heart patients with chest pain
  • Progress can be evaluated through follow-up after ECP, ACT, Angioplasty, and Bypass.

Shanikrupa Heartcare Centre providing Cartography test in Pune. Which is non-invasive and cost effective also.

The EARLY WARNING SYSTEM has assisted thousands of people in preventing heart attacks thanks to research on this approach conducted in many parts of the world.


Non-invasive / Non-surgical Treatments for Corornary Heart Disease (CHD)

Apart from surgery, non-surgical treatments for CAD also involve medication use and lifestyle changes. In cases of early CAD/CHD diagnosis, non-invasive techniques are successful. Dietary changes and regular exercise are included in non-invasive treatment. In Shanikrupa Heartcare Centre in Pune is one of the best non-invasive centres to prevent heart diseases. We offer various Non-invasive treatments like Arterial Clearance Therapy (ACT)Chelation Therapy, ECP/EECP TherapyOzone Therapy, Ayurveda and Panchakarma

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