coronary heart disease (CHD)
  • December 18, 2023

What is Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)?

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is common type of heart disease, caused by blockage of arteries which supply blood-oxygen to the heart. It also called as Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Also read: EECP treatment for Coronary heart disease (CHD) What is full form of CHD? Coronary Heart Disease is the full form of CHD. It is also known as Coronary heart disease (CAD). Other full form of CHD is Congenital Heart Disease.

What is Congenital Heart Disease (CHD)?

Congenital heart defects are the conditions that are present at birth. It can affect baby’s heart structure and its way to work. They are most common type of birth defects.   Types of Congenital heart defects: Septal defects(hole in heart) Coarctation of aorta. Pulmonary stenosis Ventricular septal defects Arterial septal defects, etc   Causes of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
High Blood pressure (Hypertension) High Cholesterol
Weight gain / obesity Family history of CHD
Physical inactivity


In some cases, symptoms could be very readily apparent. However, it is possible to have the illness without exhibiting any symptoms. In the early stages of CHD, Symptoms are less often.
Chest pain (Angina) is the common symptoms of CHD. 


Electrocardiogram (ECG / EKG): It measures the hearts electrical activity. 2 D Echo (Electrocardiography): In 2 D Echo sound waves uses to see the hearts function. Exercise stress test: This test shows heart functioning during exercise. Coronary angiography: The dye is injected into coronary arteries, then it uses special x-ray to detect the blockages. Cardiovascular cartography (CCG): Cartography is new, non-invasive techniques to detect the blood flow, oxygen supply, etc This diagnostic method is essential to detect CHD in early stage in young patients.


To prevent Coronary artery disease (CAD) you may advice to take one or more medicines that treat high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol level.
Goals to be achieve to prevent CHD:
If you are diabetic then must monitor your HbA1c regularly. take statin or other medicine to lower LDL Cholesterol Your blood pressure should be check regularly.  
 Treatment is depends upon the severity of the CHD. Some facts about heart disease treatment you must know:
Medicines to treat chest pain (angina) You should do regular exercise when you have CHD Eat Heart-healthy diet regularly.

Surgeries / procedure for CHD:

Angioplasty or stent placement (PTCA) Cardiac cathetarization Coronary artery bypass surgery. (CABG)  

How to prevent coronary heart disease (CHD)?

Healthy lifestyle is a key to lower the risk of developing CHD. Eat healthy and balanced diet. Stay physically active Quit smoking Maintain healthy weight Reduce alcohol intake  

Non-invasive / Non-surgical Treatments for CHD

Apart from surgery, non-surgical treatments for CAD also involve medication use and lifestyle changes. In cases of early CAD/CHD diagnosis, non-invasive techniques are successful. Dietary changes and regular exercise are included in non-invasive treatment. In Shanikrupa Heartcare Centre in Pune is one of the best non-invasive centres to prevent heart diseases. We offer various Non-invasive treatments like  Artery clearance therapy , ECP/EECP TherapyOzone Therapy, Ayurveda and Panchakarma.

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