The term YOGA comes from a Sanskrit word which means yoke or union. Traditionally, yoga is a method joining the individual self with the Divine, Universal Spirit, or Cosmic Consciousness. Physical and mental exercises are designed to help achieve this goal, also called self-transcendence or enlightenment.
Yoga asanas are body positions that have something to do with the sequence of sitting, standing and balancing postures to increase the body flexibility. Yoga asanas provide the individual with multifold benefits physically, mentally, and also spiritually. It keeps us physically fit, reduces weight, normalizes blood pressure, controls stress and cholesterol level, and improves the overall performance of the body and mind. It is very important to be alert and be conscious while doing any asanas. You must be relaxed and concentrate while practicing yoga.
The word meditation is derived from two Latin words: meditate(to think, to dwell upon, to exercise the mind) and modern (to heal). Its Sanskrit derivation ‘Medha’ means wisdom. With regular practice of a balanced series of techniques, the energy of the body and mind can be liberated and the quality of consciousness can be expanded. it is commonly understood to mean some form of spiritual practice where one sits down with eyes closed and empties the mind to attain inner peace, relaxation.
BENEFITS OF YOGA :
Yoga has been used to alleviate problems associated with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, migraine headaches, asthma, shallow breathing, backaches, constipation, diabetes, menopause, multiple sclerosis, varicose veins, carpal tunnel syndrome, and many chronic illnesses. It also has been studied and approved for its ability to promote relaxation and reduce stress. The Relaxation Response, by Harvard cardiologist Herbert Benson, showed that meditation and breathing techniques for relaxation could have the opposite effect of stress, reducing blood pressure and other indicators. Since then, much research has reiterated the benefits of meditation for stress reduction and general health. Currently, the American Medical Association recommends meditation techniques as a first step before medication for borderline hypertension cases.