If you had a heart attack. Now what?

If you don’t know the answers, then don’t be afraid because you are not alone, many of the heart attack patients feel the same scared, confused, and overwhelmed after a heart attack and it’s no surprise. If you suffering from such conditions then you probably received a lot of information and instructions from your doctors, relatives, and neighbors also. Now the main task for you is important – what you need to do to make sure it doesn’t happen again.

Don’t wait for the second

When you had your first heart attack? it’s an experience you will never forget- and one you never want to repeat. Around 20 percent of patients age 45 and older will have another heart attack within five years of their first.

Don’t wait for a second; make preventing of another heart attack here are five things you can do:

  • Take your medication as prescribed.
  • Attend your follow-up appointments. Attend your follow-up appointment with the doctor will help you to keep track of your condition and recovery.
  • Participate in cardiac rehabilitation. The cardiac rehabilitation program is a medically supervised program designed to help you recover after a heart attack.
  • Get support. If you scared after the heart attack, getting support from loved ones or from people who had a heart attack can help you.
  • Manage your risk factors. If you are suffering from diabetes, hypertension (high BP), and high blood cholesterol by taking medications, quitting smoking, eating healthy food, and getting active will help you to prevent further heart disease complications in the future.

Knowledge is the power to get a handle on the risk of your heart disease.  Now the research has been done to identify factors that increase a person’s risk of coronary heart disease. The most common risk factor is the build-up of plaque in the arteries of the heart that could lead to a heart attack.

MAJOR RISK FACTORS:
  1. Increasing Age: the majority of the patients who die with coronary heart disease are 65 or older.
  2. Heredity: children of parents who have heart disease are more likely to develop heart disease themselves. Most people with a strong family history of heart disease have one or more other risk factors. Like you can’t control your age, sex, and race, you can’t control your family history. Therefore the prevention of heart disease is the most important factor.

                     We recommend beginning heart disease prevention early in life, starting by assessing your risk factors and start to keep them low. As soon as you manage your risk factors, the better your chance of leading a healthy heart.

  1. Tobacco smoke: the people who are smokers they are at the greatest risk of developing coronary heart disease is much higher than that of non-smokers. The other people who do not smoke but exposure to smoke can increases the risk of heart disease.
  2. High blood cholesterol: as the blood cholesterol level is raising the risk of coronary heart disease is increases. a person’s cholesterol level is also affected by age, sex, heredity, and diet.
  • Total cholesterol = HDL+ LDL+ 20% of TRIGLYCERIDES.
  • Low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol = “bad” cholesterol. A low LDL cholesterol level is considered good for your health. Lifestyle factors such as a diet high in saturated and trans fats can raise LDL cholesterol.
  • High-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol= “good” cholesterol = A person with a high HDL cholesterol level in the blood are typically better. People with high blood triglycerides usually have lower HDL cholesterol. Heredity, type 2 diabetes, smoking, obesity can result in lower HDL cholesterol.
  • Triglycerides = triglycerides are the most common type of fat in the body. Triglyceride level is high with low HDL cholesterol or high LDL cholesterol is associated with atherosclerosis which leads to fatty deposits in artery walls that increase the risk for heart attack and stroke.
  1. High blood pressure: high blood pressure increases the heart’s workload, causing the heart muscle to become thick and stiff. These stiffening to the heart muscle is not normal and causes the heart not to work properly. It also increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and congestive heart failure.
  2. Physical inactivity: lifestyle changes such as inactivity can increase the risk of coronary heart disease. Regular physical activity helps to reduce the risk of heart and blood vessel disease. It also controls obesity, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol level, diabetes as well as low blood pressure in some people.
  3. Diabetes: Diabetes seriously increases your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. If your blood sugar level is high and not properly controlled it increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. A person with diabetes and overweight should make changes in lifestyle to minimize the risk of heart disease.
  4. Stress: people with stress are also responsible for leading a heart disease. Many research has been proven that the relationship between the stress in life and coronary heart disease risk.
  5. Alcohol: Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure, increases cardiomyopathy and stroke, cancer, and another disease. It also leads to high triglycerides, irregular heartbeats. Excess alcohol intake can lead to obesity, alcoholism, etc.
PREVENT HEART ATTACK?

Heart attacks can occur at any age. If you are over 40 years old, or if you have other risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity then you are more prone to risk to developed heart disease or heart attack.

Heart attack prevention should begin early in life.

HEART – HEALTH   BASICS
  • If you smoke, stop.
  • Work with your physician to manage the risk factors. such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
  • An active lifestyle and good nutrition have also been helpful in preventing heart attacks.
  • Minimize the stress, lifestyle
  • Take your medication regularly.

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